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The Perfect Tense

The perfect tense is used whenever you want to express with certainty that an action was completed, is being completed, or will be completed. Here in the perfect tense, you use the verb “to have” and the “participle” of the action verb

Present perfect:                     used to describe events that began in the past and are expected to continue or to emphasize the relevance of past events to the present moment

“She has written papers for most of her classes, but she still has some papers left to write.”

Past perfect:                          used to describe events that happened before other events in the past

“She had written many letters for her friends before she left Australia.”

Future perfect:                       used to describe events that will be completed between now and a specific point in the future

“She will have written many letters for her friends by the end of the year.”

Forming the perfect tense involves 

Past Perfect Tense

"had" + [past participle]

He had spoken.

Forming the Present Perfect Tense

"has" or "have" + [past participle]

She has spoken.

They have spoken.

Forming the Future Perfect Tense

"will have" + [past participle]

He will have spoken.

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